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Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis species complex

The Anopheles albitarsis species complex includes An. albitarsis (formerly Sp. A), An. albitarsis Sp. B and Sp. E, An. marajoara (formerly Sp. C) and An. deaneorum (formerly Sp. D). Anopheles marajoara is discussed separately on this website.

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Habitats

Overall, larvae of this complex occupy sunlit, clear, fresh water, although there are examples of it being found in atypical conditions. Relatively high numbers, compared to other species, have been found in brick pits containing turbid water mixed with clay particles. Typical habitats are fresh, still water bodies such as lagoons, lakes or rice fields. Indeed, members of the An. albitarsis complex are closely associated with human rice cultivation although immature stages tend to be found only in fields with early stages of rice growth.

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Resting and feeding preferences

Adults are generally exophilic in their resting behaviour, but will bite both indoors and outdoors and appear to show little host preference, biting humans and animals indiscriminately (dependent on location), during the evening and at night.

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Vectorial capacity

The Anopheles albitarsis complex includes dominant malaria vectors. Due to its status as a highly competent vector, An. marajoara is discussed separately.

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Further details and the sources for this text can be found in

Sinka, M.E., Rubio-Palis, Y., Manguin, S., Patil, A.P., Temperley, W.H., Gething, P.W., Van Boeckel, T.P., Kabaria, C.W., Harbach, R.E. and Hay, S.I. (2010). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites & Vectors, 3:72

This text has come from multiple sources which are all listed in the above paper