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Anopheles (Cellia) koliensis Owen, 1945

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Habitats

Larval habitats include permanent collections of fresh water, such as irrigation ditches and ponds containing floating and emergent vegetation and  more temporary sites such as pools in open grassland and along the margins of jungle, mostly exposed to sunlight. Other sites include still pools in Sago swamps and shallow-water fish ponds, often in association with An. farauti s.l. Larvae of An. koliensis are rarely, if ever, found in artificial containers and never in brackish water. Larval habitats are often in close association with human habitation.

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Resting and feeding preferences

The biting habits of An. koliensis have been observed on New Guinea island and the Solomon Islands where females are generally strongly anthropophilic although they will also feed on animals (birds, dogs and pigs). This species readily bites outdoors and will freely enter houses to feed but does not rest indoors for long periods of time either before or after feeding, only rarely being found resting inside dwellings throughout the evening and/or during the day.. Biting occurs throughout the night both indoors and outdoors with the greatest activity often occurring later in the evening between midnight and dawn. Feeding frequency and peak activity are variable by location and season; in some areas biting peaks occur before midnight and in others the majority of biting occurs during the early hours of the morning.

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Vectorial capacity

Anopheles koliensis is an important vector of human malaria throughout its distribution.

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Further details and the sources for this text can be found in

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J, Manguin, S., Chareonviriyaphap, T., Patil, A.P., Temperley, W.H., Gething, P.W., Elyazar, I.R.F., Kabaria, C.W., Harbach, R.E. and Hay, S.I. (2011). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors 4: 89

This text has come from multiple sources which are all listed in the above paper