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Anopheles (Anopheles) lesteri Baisas & Hu, 1936 (formerly An. anthropophagus in China)

Anopheles lesteri and An. anthropophagus are now considered to be the same species.

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Habitats

Larvae of Anopheles lesteri are found in fresh-water ground pools, ditches, margins of streams and ponds, rice fields, marshes, swamps, lakes and other impounded waters. Adults of An. lesteri rest in cool and shaded places. Adult populations reach peak densities during the summer in Hokkaido, and during June and October in Honshu and Kyushu, Japan. In Hong Kong, An. lesteri commonly occurs in hilly areas and grassy fields.

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Resting and feeding preferences

Adults of Anopheles lesteri rest in cool and shaded places, and have been collected in cow sheds and houses in villages during malaria surveys in Korea. Larvae have been found in a wallow on Guam, western Pacific Ocean.

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Vectorial capacity

Anopheles lesteri readily attacks humans and is considered a primary vector of malaria in eastern, central and southern areas of China, and is believed to be a principal vector in Japan and Korea. The biting behaviour of An. lesteri is unknown in the Philippines and Guam, but it is not known to transmit malarial parasites in these areas.

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Further details and the sources for this text can be found in

Sinka, M.E., Bangs, M.J, Manguin, S., Chareonviriyaphap, T., Patil, A.P., Temperley, W.H., Gething, P.W., Elyazar, I.R.F., Kabaria, C.W., Harbach, R.E. and Hay, S.I. (2011). The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors 4: 89

This text has come from multiple sources which are all listed in the above paper